Timely and considerate care of the arterial and venous systems.
In our last post titled, “Varicose Veins and Vascular Insufficiency (Part 1),” we talked about the anatomy of the veins and the meaning of varicose veins and venous insufficiency. In today’s post, we will talk about causes, risk factors, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of venous insufficiency.
The diagnosis of venous insufficiency is based on the patient’s history and physical examination. The doctor might also order a duplex ultrasound study of the the veins in the legs. This diagnostic testing helps determine the presence or absence of blood clots and evaluates for venous reflux, the backflow direction of blood in the veins.
The treatment plan depends on the patient’s condition. It could range from conservative measures to surgical procedures. Conservative measures include leg elevation and wearing compression stockings for example. More invasive procedures include incompetent vein closures (ablation) by laser or radiofrequency or vein stripping. The different treatment plans and details are should be discussed with the treating doctor. Outcomes, side effects, and risk factor should also be discussed.
If you suspect you have venous insufficiency, please talk to your doctor for appropriate treatments and referrals. It is important you get treated by vascular specialists and accredited facilities to ensure the highest standards of vascular care.
Daigle, R. J., & Daigle, R. J. (2011). Techniques in noninvasive vascular diagnosis: An encyclopedia of vascular testing (3rd ed.). Littleton, CO: Summer Pub.
Size, G. P., Lozanski, L., & Russo, T. (2013). Inside Ultrasound Vascular Reference Guide. Pearce, AZ: Inside Ultrasound, Inc.